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Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif (L) meets with his Chinese counterpart Wang Yi at the Diaoyutai State Guesthouse in Beijing, Feb. 19, 2019. 
How Hwee Young/Pool via REUTERS
13 Mar 2019 18:36

Mohsen Shariatinia

Exodus by Big Firms Pushes Iran toward Smaller Chinese Enterprises

China is still Iran's top trade partner, leading oil customer, a key technology exporter, a major political ally and one of the signatories to the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) still committed to the deal. All of this has given Beijing an increasingly central position in Iran'...

Servicemen take part in the joint multinational military exercise
21 Sep 2018 19:03

Hossein Asgarian

Russia's Reaction to Georgia’s Possible Accession to NATO

Russia's Prime Minister Dmitri Medvedev showed a very sharp reaction on August 16, 2018 to reports about the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) planning joint military drills with Georgia. He said possible accession of Georgia to this Western military alliance would be catastrophic and ...

Chinese State Councillor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi (R) meets Iran
10 Jul 2018 21:55

Mahsa Rouhi

Can China Save JCPOA?

Europe is trying to save the Iran nuclear deal, but finds itself trapped by the conflicting demands of Washington and Tehran. China’s independence and economic power may allow it to step in – but trade will remain Beijing’s focus.   In the aftermath of Washington’s withdrawal ...

Chinese State Councillor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi (R) meets Iran
20 May 2018 00:07

Mohsen Shariatinia

Why China May Not Come to Iran’s Rescue in salvaging JCPOA

With the United States having withdrawn from the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on May 8, a new round of diplomatic efforts has begun to save the deal. To this end, Iranian Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif has recently toured China, Russia and Belgium to meet with the remaining signatories ...

Russian President Vladimir Putin speeches during the Tavrida International Youth Forum in Steregushcheye at Bakalskaya spit, Crimea, August 20, 2017
30 Jan 2018 06:29

Hossein Ahmadi

Russia's Threats and Europe's Limits

Mutual security and military actions taken by Europe and Russia, especially following developments in Ukraine, have been among important issues for analysts of Europe’s issues.  During recent years, the European Union and its member states have been facing three remarkable threats: the ...

14 Jan 2018 22:44

P R Kumaraswamy

Shanghai Cooperation Organization and the Iranian Enigma

Enigma! This perhaps is the best way to describe the continued uncertainty over Iran’s full membership of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). The Islamic republic first attended the SCO summit as an observer in June 2005 and in March 2008 it had applied for full membership. Nearly a ...

17 Dec 2017 19:23

Nematollah Izadi

A Delicate Balance Iran Should Not Disturb

In sealing the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), the nuclear deal between Iran and six world powers, Russia’s role is undeniable. Moscow had strong motives for successful conclusion of the JCPOA or any other peaceful solution which would curb United States’ dominance in the Middle ...

Israeli’s Objectives in Central Asia and Caucasus
11 Dec 2017 08:17

Mohsen Pakaeen

Israeli’s Objectives in Central Asia and Caucasus

Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the Zionist regime has been trying to increase its presence in Central Asia and the Caucasus. The objectives and motives behind this are summarized below.    Ending its isolation: The foreign policy of the Israeli regime since 1950 and the Ben-Gurion ...

21 Nov 2017 22:25

Hossein Malaek

What is China's position in Iran's foreign relations?

Iran's foreign-policy relations, at least with China, are steered by three groups. The first group includes traders and merchants who seek to traditionally import goods at a reasonable “price” without the “appropriate” quality to Iran and take advantage of the economic ...

An Iraqi Kurdish man walks past a mural in the square in the citadel in Arbil, the capital of the autonomous Kurdish region of northern Iraq, on September 26, 2017
8 Oct 2017 20:43

Vali Golmohammadi

Why not Trust in Turkey’s Word on Iraqi Kurdistan?

The leaders of the autonomous Iraqi Kurdistan held referendum on the independence of the Kurdistan region on September 25, 2017 despite the strong opposition from the central government of Iraq and the international community. According to the results of the High Elections and Referendum Commission,...

Iraqi Kurds take part in a demonstration at Arbil airport, in the capital of Iraq
6 Oct 2017 23:15

Hamidreza Azizi

Kurdish Referendum Tests Iran-Turkey-Russia Axis

Less than two months after Iran’s Chief of General Staff Maj. Gen. Mohammad Hossein Bagheri paid a rare official visit to Ankara, his Turkish counterpart, Gen. Hulusi Akar, visited Tehran on Oct. 2 to meet high-ranking Iranian officials and discuss bilateral and regional issues. However, although ...

Muslims perform the Eid prayer at Haji Yaqub Mosque to celebrate the Islamic feast of Eid al-Fitr (Uraza Bayram) marking the end of the holy fasting month of Ramadan
25 Aug 2017 21:06

Hamidreza Azizi

Saudi Arabia's Wooing Persian-Speaking Sunnis in Central Asia

In an unprecedented move that surprised many observers around the world, Tajikistan’s state TV on Aug. 8 aired a documentary accusing Iran of involvement in the murder of several Tajik social and political figures as well as 20 Russian military officers in the country during the 1990s Tajik ...

16 Jul 2017 23:17

Mahmoud Shoori

A Fresh Approach to the Future of Iran-Russia Relations

Russians’ view of Iran is not the same as that of Iranian on Russians, because Russia’s presence in the Iranian history is strong and determining, but the presence of Iran in the Russian history is not very strong. For this reason, the Russian people were not historically faced with the ...

U.S.- Kazakhstan Business Forum held in Astana, Kazakhstan on June 14, 2017
5 Jul 2017 08:52

Vali Kaleji

Model of 5+1 in Central Asia: Iran Needs to Manage Its Balanced Approach in Diplomacy

In the political literature of recent years, the term 5+1 was more than anything else associating with the combination of the five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany in the course of the nuclear negotiations with Iran, but over the past two years, 5+1 has also found another meaning,...

Russian President Vladimir Putin (R) and Iran
14 Jun 2017 07:42

Hamidreza Azizi

Second-Term Rouhani Likely to Move Closer to Russia

After weeks of heated campaigning and controversial televised debates, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani managed to secure a second term in the May 19 presidential elections. Now, with electoral passions considerably eased, the question of possible change in both Iran's domestic and foreign policy ...

Russian police officers patrol on the Red Square in central Moscow on April 2, 2017, as Russian opposition promised protests after police detained hundreds of people during anti-corruption rallies
7 Apr 2017 12:52

Fatemeh Atri Sangari

Obstacles and Prospects of Recent Peaceful Protests in Russia

  On Sunday, March 26 cities of Russia witnessed a series of anti-corruption protests. The protests were held at the invitation of Alexei Navalny, a blogger and the Kremlin critic, and covered a hundred Russian cities and towns. During the protests, police officials said 500 people, and opposition ...

5 Mar 2017 07:56

Vali Kaleji

Referendum in Nagorno-Karabakh Region 2.0

  The level of political and military developments occurring in the last two years in the disputed region of Nagorno-Karabakh is unprecedented since the Bishkek protocol was signed on May 8, 1994 which led to a ceasefire in the region. In the latest political developments in the disputed area,...

21 Feb 2017 10:24

Behrouz Ghezel

Hidden Layers of Berdimuhamedov’s Victory in Turkmenistan’s Presidential Election

  Turkmenistan’s presidential election was held on February 12, 2017, but it is interesting that almost everyone knew that Berdimuhamedov would be the Turkmen President for the third time. Websites critical of the Turkmen government carried out polls in the last days before the election,...

6 Feb 2017 16:00

Elaheh Koolaee

Iran and Russia: Let's Learn from History

  The history of relations between Iran and the Soviet Union, and especially, the impact of the international system on these relations are thought-provoking and advantageous. The relations between the two states during the two decades before the Islamic Revolution of Iran were unique in the Soviet ...

Threat of “Salafi Sufism”: An Opportunity for Regional Cooperation in Central Asia
18 Jan 2017 15:32

Behrouz Ghezel

Threat of “Salafi Sufism”: An Opportunity for Regional Cooperation in Central Asia

  Sufism, a philosophy whose most distinctive feature is tolerance, and its followers have been always known for their forbearance. It has been accepted and respected over time by people, groups, and even governments. At the same time, regardless of the political and apolitical functions of this ...