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MGIMO rector Anatoly Torkunov (C) awards King Salman bin Abdulaziz of Saudi Arabia (L) the title of Honorary Doctor as Russia
28 Nov 2017 20:07

Niknam Babri

Riyadh and Moscow: Change in Balance of Power in the Middle East?

At a time when the trilateral cooperation between Iran, Russia, and Turkey is shaping the political developments in the Syria crisis and/or has raised hopes for the final resolution of the crisis through determining precise mechanisms such as creation of the four de-escalation zones and concentration ...

China’s Approach to Change of Trump’s Decision and the New US Strategy in Afghanistan
24 Nov 2017 18:46

Mohammad Zare

China’s Approach to Change of Trump’s Decision and the New US Strategy in Afghanistan

A general scan of documents and nature of the United States’ behavior in the past few years will show that the lion’s share of those documents, as well as the behavioral focus and strategic actions of Washington, have been specially related to East Asia. Moreover, the United States has ...

Russia’s Diplomatic Role in the Middle East: Regional Balancing
7 Nov 2017 21:46

Ehsan Taghvaeinia

Russia’s Diplomatic Role in the Middle East: Regional Balancing

Russia is trying to appear as a new player in the process of the Middle East balance of power, and it seems that the sale of a better defense system to the Saudis (S-400) in comparison to the system sold to Iran (S-300) is consistent with the pattern of Russian efforts to influence the region. An ...

29 Oct 2017 22:51

Mohsen Shariatinia

Chinese Reforms Have Turned Forty: Any Shift in Paradigm?

The 19th Communist Party Congress was held last week. The significance of the Congress and its outcomes lies in one point: the change or continuity in the reform paradigm. Understanding what is happening at the 19th Communist Party Congress is not possible without knowing what happened at the Third ...

The national flags of China and Russia seen outside the China National Convention Center during the opening ceremony of the One Belt, One Road international forum
26 Oct 2017 08:16

Saadat Hassan

Eurasian Integration through OBOR: Implication for Russia

In the past decade, both Russia and China have launched some regional projects that are promoted as a means to strengthen linkages with neighboring states. The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) joins member states in an integrated single market providing the free movement of goods, capital, services, ...

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu meets with Azerbaijan Foreign Minister Elmar Mammadyarov on April 23, 2013 in Jerusalem, Israel
18 Oct 2017 11:18

Mohsen Pakaeen

Two New Weapons Strategies of Israel in the Caucasus

A report on the suspension of the sale of Israeli arms to Azerbaijan was released following last month’s visit to Armenia by the Israeli Regional Cooperation Minister, Tzachi Hanegbi. According to news reports, Israel has not only given up the sale of drone operators to Azerbaijan, but also ...

1 Oct 2017 21:55

Saadat Hassan

CPEC Geo-economics Strategy for Greater Eurasia

Historically, Iran and Pakistan enjoyed friendly relations and this relationship has noticeably improved in the recent years. The two countries have been successful in harmonizing their differences over Afghanistan where they have no more to enter into contestation, given Iran’s reconciliation ...

The Strategic Triangle of Iran, Russia and China: The Iranian Perspective
22 Sep 2017 23:07

Mohsen Shariatinia

The Strategic Triangle of Iran, Russia and China: The Iranian Perspective

Cooperation among Iran, Russia and China in the international politics can be regarded as an emerging process. The interactions of the three countries in resolving Iran's nuclear issue, maintaining the existing political system in Syria, cooperation within the Shanghai Cooperation Organization ...

Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu (L) and Azerbaijani Minister of Culture and Tourism Abulfaz Garayev (2nd L) attend the opening ceremony of Contemporary Turkish Painters Exhibition held for 25th anniversary of the diplomatic relations between Turkey and Azerbaijan in Baku, Azerbaijan on September 06, 2017
20 Sep 2017 23:37

Mohsen Pakaeen

Turkish Cultural Influence in Azerbaijan

The collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 created a great opportunity for Turkey to be fully present in the five republics of Central Asia and the Caucasus - Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan. In fact, Turkey, as the only Turkish- speaking country in the world, has tried ...

Pedestrians pass a Bank Otkritie FC bank branch in Moscow, Russia, on Thursday, Aug. 31, 2017
1 Sep 2017 23:29

Farhad Parand

A New Level in Iranian-Russian Economic Relationship: Opportunities and Challenges

Within Iran's neighborhood, Russia's big consumer market is one of top priorities for Tehran to develop its economic and commercial ties. Reading economic history of Iran and Russia, one realizes the ebb and flow of bilateral trade performances. Recent deterioration of Russian relationship ...

This image was taken near Chakchak (Temple of Fire), most sacred of the mountain shrines of Zoroastrianism, near Ardakan, Yazd province, Isfahan Province, Iran, in December 2015
12 Aug 2017 00:38

Bahram Amirahmadian

Development of Iran's Regional and Trans-Regional Transportation Routes: Perspectives for Partnership

As a stable country in the turbulent Middle East region, the Islamic Republic of Iran enjoys a remarkable position to play a better role in this region. Iran's land routes (including road and rail), air and marine routes are endowed with good infrastructure and are perhaps without parallel in ...

Iraqi Kurdistan
6 Aug 2017 19:47

Afifeh Abedi

Russia and Referendum on Independence of the Kurdistan Region

It is generally believed that the referendum on the independence of the Kurdistan region is not just a local issue, and not only will it be the beginning for the breakdown of Iraq, but also it will create a similar threat to its neighbors. For this reason, the announcement of the date of the referendum ...

visitor views a smaller copy of the Zenobia Column destroyed by ISIS militants in Palmyra, Syria on display at an exhibtion titled
5 Aug 2017 12:39

Alireza Nouri

Russia’s Plan for Post-ISIS Syria

Although the ISIS ideology will continue to exist in the Middle East, with the destruction of the structure and organization of this terrorist group in Iraq and Syria, various involved and interested parties prepare themselves for the post-ISIS space and for bargaining to get a larger share. Some ...

Russian Federation Ambassador, Alexander Mantytskiy, left, hands over an AK-47 to Afghan National Security Advisor, Mohammad Hanif Atmar, center, at Kabul International Airport, on February 24, 2016. The Russian embassy in Kabul announced that the Russian government handed over 10,000 AK47s as a military donation to Afghan National Security Forces
28 Jul 2017 23:15

Mandana Tisheyar

Iranian-Russian Cooperative Efforts at Establishing Stability and Security in Afghanistan

In recent decades, political entities, along with accepting the globalization of existence methods in the international arena, have attempted to redefine their interests and identities within regional frameworks. These new cooperative trends in regions are frequently interpreted within the context ...

23 Jul 2017 20:35

Behrouz Ghezel

Return of Turkmenistan: Result of “Geopolitical Inevitability”

The relations between Iran and Turkmenistan in recent times have experienced periodic ups and downs. The opening of the Kazakhstan- Turkmenistan- Iran railway (920 km) in 2014 as the North-South Rail Corridor along the eastern side of the Caspian Sea, which almost 700 kilometers of ...

15 Jul 2017 00:11

Hamidreza Azizi

Iranian-Russian Cooperation in Central Asia: Opportunities and Constraints

Central Asia's unique geopolitical features have grabbed the attention of peripheral foreign powers during its history. The significance of the region, in particular, is seen in the relationship between neighboring Iran and Russia. In the decades since the nineteenth century, Central Asia had ...

Azerbaijan’s Week of Culture was kicked off with the presence of Iranian and Azerbaijani officials, as well as more than sixty Azeri artists on July 4, 2017 in Tehran, Iran.
11 Jul 2017 23:34

Mohsen Pakaeen

A Good Start for the Cultural Interactions between Tehran and Baku

In the past week, an important event took place in the Iranian culture. Azerbaijan’s Week of Culture was held with the presence of Abulfas Garayev, Minister of Culture and Tourism of Azerbaijan, and more than sixty Azeri artists in the Iranian cities of Tehran, Isfahan and Ardabil.   Four ...

Amateur still photo of Iranian and Tajik officials celebrating for opening Iran
3 Jul 2017 07:55

Hamidreza Azizi

Roots of Cold Ties between Iran and Tajikistan

Looking at the general trend of relations between Iran and Tajikistan since the collapse of the Soviet Union shows that the level of relations between the two countries has always been far removed from existing capacities. In particular, over the past two years, this has become more conspicuous than ...

© Vivekananda International Foundation (VIF)
1 Jul 2017 07:57

Rasoul Mousavi

Iranian-Russian Common Interests against Extremism in Central Asia

There are diverse and contradictory viewpoints on the concept of 'extremism' and it is hard to explain what it means and is comprised of. At the current time, we are facing a distorted reality that links extremism to Islamism and indeed, pictures the former as an inseparable element of Islam....

26 Jun 2017 11:07

Mahmoud Shoori

Iran, Russia and New Axis of Cooperation in the Middle East

In terms of the role played by Iran and Russia at the regional level, regional crises in the Middle East, in practice, make Iran and Russia more active. Both Iran and Russia have important status and roles to play at the regional and international levels, and for this reason, their response to regional ...